Types Of Flounder Fish: How To Catch Flatfish

Flounder fish are commonly seen in many different environments around the world. However, not many people know about all of the different types of flounder fish and where to catch them.

On top of this, it always helps to have a guide on how to catch these aquatic creatures and what to do with them once you’ve found one.

Follow our guide to find out all things flatfish and how to catch them. you’ll be a fishing pro in no time!

What Are Flatfish

What Are Flatfish?

Flatfish are some of the most common fish caught from freshwater lakes, rivers, and oceans. They are versatile species of fish that can be found in both freshwater and saltwater bodies around the globe.

They can be found anywhere from shallow waters to deep-sea areas. Because of this, they can be found on many different types of fishing trips.

The best way to identify which type of flatfish is being caught is by its shape. The two main types of flatfish include the Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) and the European Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). 

The Atlantic Cod is a common freshwater fish that can be found in the waters surrounding Great Britain and even around different areas of Europe.

The European Sea Bass is similar in this sense, with both being considered a delicacy in these parts of the globe. Cod is a white fish that has a light and flaky texture, whereas the bass is richer and oilier in taste, whilst also staying nice and salty. 

They both work well with fresh potatoes, with cod frequently being used in the British dish of fish and chips.

Saltwater Types Of Flatfish

Black Drum (Pogonias Cromis)

This is a popular flatfish for anglers because of its size and versatility. When you have one of these on the end of your line, you can expect a good fight before getting yourself a new catch.

It can be found in various locations throughout the world, including the Mediterranean Sea, North America, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan. Much like other flatfish, the Black Drum can be found in saltwater and freshwater bodies. 

Blue Marlin (Makaira Nigricans)

These are other great flatfish that are often caught when fishing for tuna or other larger marine animals. They’re quite large and are great fun to try and catch because of their strong nature and their fast bursts of pace. 

The Blue Marlin can be found in tropical and temperate waters worldwide, but are particularly prevalent in the Pacific Ocean. They come in at around 150-200 pounds in weight, making them one of the largest flatfish in existence.

If you’re looking for a challenge when fishing for flatfish, this is the species that you want to be looking for.

Freshwater Types Of Flatfish

These are some of the more common types of flatfish that you will see in freshwater settings such as ponds, streams, and lakes.

Because of these environments, these types of flatfish can be found in water bodies all across America and other countries around the world. Some of these flatfish include:

Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)

This is a fairly large variation of flatfish, with large scales and fins. However, despite their size, the carp tend to feed off of small aquatic worms, insects, and forms of water vegetation to survive.

Saltwater Types Of Flounder

Flatfish are found in almost every body of water around the world. As we’ve already mentioned, there are plenty of different types of flatfish that can be found in freshwater and saltwater environments. It’s important to know where you can find these fish.

Saltwater types of flounders include:

Red-Tailed Shark (Lobotes Surinamensis)

This is an extremely rare flatfish that is only found in the coastal regions of Brazil. It lives in the oceanic waters of the Rio de Janeiro area and feeds on fish and smaller sharks alike. However, much like other sharks, they are only a threat to humans in extremely rare cases. 

Atlantic Halibut (Hippoglossus Stenolepis)

This is one of the most abundant flatfish in the world, and it’s found in many different oceans and seas. It’s a very hardy and resilient fish, with good speed and large size. These are great qualities for fishermen around the world.

Where To Find Freshwater Flatfish

When it comes to catching flatfish, you must first know where to find them. Many fishermen will have a preference on whether they enjoy searching for a fresh catch in freshwater locations or saltwater environments.

When it comes to finding freshwater flatfish, you’ll need to make sure that your location has a lot of water flowing through it. This sounds stupid, but smaller bodies of water are less likely to have forms of flounders swimming around in the surroundings.

The presence of flowing water helps to keep the environment clean and free from pollution. In addition, you should also look for areas that have plants growing in the water.

As previously mentioned, freshwater flatfish like carp love to spend their days in canals and backwater swamps, which are brimming with vegetation and plant life.

On top of this, freshwater flatfish love to live near the bottom of the water column. You should try to find places where some rocks and boulders are close to the surface of the water. 

These are ideal spots for flatfish to hide out in during times of danger. They love to find these places of solace when they’re not swimming about and will feed on the smaller life forms at the bottom of the water body.

Where To Find Saltwater Flatfish 

When looking for saltwater flatfish, there are a few places where you should start. First, you should always check out the coastlines of any country that you plan to fish in. If you want to catch flatfish, then you must go to the coasts.

There, you’ll find the best fishing grounds. It’s also good to know the areas where these fish breed if you’re looking to fish in a certain season.

You should also look into the estuaries and bays of the coastline. These are some of the best places to find flatfish because they offer shelter from predators and provide a safe place for the fish to spawn.

Sometimes, these smaller bodies of water will make them one of the larger fish, making them higher in their respective food chain.

Flounder fish

How To Catch Freshwater Flatfish

There are several different ways to catch flatfish. The first way involves using a hook and line. This method works well if you’re trying to catch something that isn’t too big.

This type of technique is perfect for types of flatfish that are found thriving in freshwater bodies like lakes and fast-flowing rivers. 

On top of this, you can use bait to attract the fish. For example, you could use a piece of meat or even an egg as bait. When using bait, you’ll need to be careful to avoid getting caught up in weeds and other debris that may get stuck on your line or your hook.

Because of where these fish reside, you are risking getting caught in weeds and vegetation. That’s fishing, unfortunately!

One good method for catching flatfish is to use ground bait before casting your line out. This method requires throwing pieces of bait out to the area where you think the fish will be.

This will attract the fish to the area of the water with the bait and will set you up nicely for when you cast your rod out.

However, you need to make sure that where you’re fishing allows for you to use ground bait before throwing these pieces of food out there. Some places prohibit the use of ground bait because they can cloud up the water and affect the quality of the environment that the fish live in.

How To Catch Saltwater Flatfish

To catch saltwater flatfish, you need to have patience. It takes time to learn how to do it right. However, once you’ve learned how to do it correctly, you’ll notice that the finding of the fish gets easier.

Then it’s just a case of reeling them in. Because lots of saltwater flounders reside in deeper areas of the ocean, they can be harder to find.

Because of their size, it can take a while to reel in some types of flatfish. You might not be able to get close enough to grab onto the fish without accidentally pulling yourself along with it. On top of this, you don’t want to pull the fish back in because you risk losing it. 

Instead, try to slowly reel in the fish one bit at a time and let them run with your line for a bit. This will slowly tire the fish and will give you a good opportunity to land the fish on your boat or wherever you’re based.

In Summary

Flatfish belong to the family Pleuronectidae. There are over 100 species of flatfish worldwide. They are typically found in oceans around the world but some species can be found in freshwater as well.

As mentioned earlier, they like to stay closer to vegetation and rocks, where they can hide from predators if needed.

They also like to thrive in ostiaries and offshore bays because they are higher up in the food chain, away from predators. Ever heard about the saying of a big fish in a small pond?

Flatfish can be hard to catch, depending on the species. So make sure you stay patient and have fun. After all, that’s the main thing when spending time by the water.

Tommy Bull